Friday, 29 July 2016

Type 1 Diabetes in Children

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body form anti-bodies which attack the pancreas. It is probably virus induced, in those who are susceptible for this condition. The pancreas of such a person does then not produce enough insulin, to provide in the requirements of the body.

There are many children of all races with type 1 diabetes. It is suspected that environmental factors trigger type 1 diabetes, but the exact cause of this disease still evade medical researchers. Typical signs and symptoms of this diabetes are that the children are forever thirsty, they drink a lot of water and they pass urine very frequently. Because the sugar level in their blood is high, there is also a lot of sugar in their urine. It is the high sugar level in the bladder which cause them to drink a lot of water, and that causes them to visit the bathroom so frequently. They do wet their beds also sometimes, especially if they are very young. If this condition goes untreated, these children will also burn fat for energy, and they will lose weight.

What must parents do, if they notice these symptoms in their child?
They need to take the child to their family doctor for a medical checkup immediately, so that he/she can test for type 1 diabetes . A urine sample will be taken and tested. If there is sugar in the urine, a finger prick test must also be performed. Any high blood sugar reading will indicate that the child has diabetes type 1. No other tests are actually required.

What is the treatment for type 1 diabetes ?
First and foremost, a child diagnosed with type 1 diabetes needs a lot of medical and parental guidance. Guidance is especially required as far as the lifestyle adjustments are concerned. The parents must realise that the child has to continue with his/her life as normally as possible. However, the disease has to be managed properly so that further complications in their adulthood are prevented, or at least minimised. This must be done in the least traumatic way possible.

Blood sugar levels must be controlled through the following methods:

Insulin must be administered by injection. The majority of children of 5 years and older, quickly learn to inject themselves four times per day. The administration of these injections are not painful, as the needles are thin, sharp and short.
A healthy diet must be followed. The parents must help the child to manage his/her blood sugar levels properly, through adjustments. For example if the child has to attend a party, they need to work out what the child can eat and drink, and how much, bearing the insulin in mind, so that the blood sugar level is maintained on a healthy and constant level. Parents must assist the child to lead a normal, quality life.
Regular exercise must be maintained. There are many many child diabetics who participate in sports. These children need to be encouraged to participate in sports, or else they need to exercise regularly.

What are the long-term affects of type 1 diabetes on the health of children?
If these children can learn to manage their blood sugar levels, they will have the same risks as the average person to suffer from heart and circulatory problems, kidney disease, blindness or neuropathy. They must be motivated from the word go to control and manage their blood sugar levels properly. A child with a constant high blood sugar level has a 30 % of developing terminal kidney failure in 10 years' time.

Title: 3 Ways to Prevent Diabetes Type 2

Not only locally, but worldwide the occurrence of this disease is increasing. Diabetes type 2 is known as a lifestyle disease. The risk of contracting this disease is minimized if a person exercises regularly, eat healthily and control body weight.

The following can be done to prevent Type 2 Diabetes:


  • Exercise regularly.

About 20 to 30 minutes of brisk walking about 4 or 5 times per week is adequate. Alternative forms of safe exercising is cycling, swimming and aerobics. The important aim is to increase the heart rate during the exercise and simultaneously, the metabolism is also increased. A fast metabolism decreases the tendency of the body to store fat, and thus to put on weight.

If you struggle to exercise on your own, get an exercise partner(s), or join a fitness / health club. Many clubs offer a variety of exercises eg. weight lifting, static cycling, different strength building machines, etc.


  • Eat Healthy

A healthy diet will consist of a lot of fibre such as cereal or whole grain bread, a lot of vegetables, and not more than two portions of fruit per day. Many people who try to lose weight make the mistake of over-indulging in fruit. Fruit contains a lot of sugar, therefore one has to be careful. But you can eat unlimited quantities of vegetables, if no extra sugar is added, and if nothing is fried. A lot of water need to be drunk daily. Most advise a liter of water minimum, and more if you exercise. Fish and chicken must be grilled, and not deep fried.

Try to eat as little as possible of pasta, rice, potatoes and white bread. Try to avoid fizzy cooldrinks, cakes and sweets. Beware of fruit juice. They sound healthy, but they are also fattening. It is advised to drink half a glass of pure fruit juice, diluted with half a glass of water. Not only is the sugar intake halved this way, but the burden on your kidneys is also deceased.

Remember, your health is of primary importance. It is therefore ok to inform others that you are health conscious, and they have to accept the fact that you will refuse to eat some dishes / foods.


  • Contol your weight.

You must control your body weight so that your BMI (Body Mass Index) is within the healthy range. Ask your GP to help you check your BMI.

Whatever you do, will benefit your health and your quality of life.
Keep on doing what is right.

Thursday, 28 July 2016

More facts about Diabetes

Here follow more facts bout Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes:
  • There are 2 types of diabetes, i.e. Diabetes Type 1 and Diabetes Type 2
  • Diabetes Type 1 occur in children and teenagers and is hereditary in nature 
  • Diabetes Type 2 is also referred to as "adult-onset is caused through lifestyle factors occur in adults but also in children with weight problems
  • Diabetes affect millions of people world-wide.Sadly, many people already have diabetes but do not know it yet
  • Diabetes causes loss of feeling especially in the feet, and also cause ulcers/sores/wounds to heal very slowly or with difficulty
  • Diabetes cause loss of eyesight and kidney function as the capillary veins in these organs are affected
  • Daibetes can lead to amputation of limbs such a the toes and legs
  • Diabetes cannot be reversed
  • Diabetes Type 2 can be prevented through a healthy lifestyle
  • Diabetes need to be detected early before damage is done to the eyes and kidneys
  • It is possible for people with diabetes to live a normal lifestyle - and even play sport - provided that the blood sugar levels are controlled through medication, a healthy diet and regular exercise

Wednesday, 27 July 2016

Our Sugar and Salt addiction

Most of us use sugar in our tea and coffee, and we add salt to our food for flavour.
Why are we doing that, since there is enough sugar and salt in our fruits and vegetables already?

It is because we have been trained since infant-hood that sweet is nice. Just taste all the medicines, cereals and drinks for children. They are almost all sweetened. We have been made accustomed to the use of sugar and salt by our parents, and they by their parents, etc.

The high intake of salt often lead to High Blood Pressure (Hypertension), and the spikes in blood sugar levels due to sweet drinks and food, lead to Diabetes in adults.

I have seen people using up to 6 teaspoons of sugar in a mug, or up to 5 teaspoons of salt in a mug. That is besides the fact that a lot of foodstuff is salt, to increase shelf life. That is why the South African government is now busy with legislation that will limit the use of salt in foodstuff. Our clinics simply cannot cope with all the High Blood Pressure and Diabetes patients. Almost 90% of those attending government clinics suffer from High Blood Pressure and / or Diabetes, or has  suffered a stroke.

I have seen this when I took my father for treatment at the clinic. He himself is suffering from Hypertension, and had a stroke already. He lost partial control of his right hand and right leg. That is why I have decided that bitter is best. I now drink tea and coffee without adding any sugar. I have now cut from my diet all fizzy drinks, pastries and sweets and I also do not add salt to my raw tomatoes, boiled eggs, cucumbers etc.

I must set the example for my children and grandchildren.

Prevention is better than cure.

Monday, 25 July 2016

General Fitness, Health and Wellbeing

Hi. Welcome to my blog. I hope you will enjoy my posts on fitness, health and well-being.

It takes time and dedication to become fit. It takes discipline to follow a healthy diet, and to live a healthy lifestyle.

I have been using 1 teaspoon of sugar in my tea and coffee for many years. Just the other day, about a week ago, I gave bitter tea and coffee a try. I must admit it was difficult at first. Now I have got used to the taste !!!

I am hoping to lose a lot of extra kilos !!!